No doubt they must have included Isaiah 53. Who is Isaiah 52:13-53:12 talking about? - Bible Scholars The servant is Israel. The Suffering of the Servant in Isaiah 52:13-53:12 ... Isaiah chapter 53 is not the only Old Testament passage that Christians say foretells the coming of Jesus Christ. we were incapable of making, and he . The Suffering Servant of Isaiah . Answer: He was despised and rejected by men, a man of suffering and acquainted with disease. Sometimes the statement is phrased as, "Judaism teaches" that Isaiah 53 refers to the nation of Israel.. From a Pure Torah perspective, there is zero evidence to support that Isaiah 53 is speaking of a human/god sacrifice. Best answer: What does Isaiah 53 say about Jesus ... Isaiah 53 is a prophecy foretelling how the world will react when they witness Israel's salvation in the Messianic era. As he sat in his chariot on his way home, travelling the lonely road, he was reading from the book of Isaiah. he was despised, and we held him in low esteem. The verses are presented from the perspective of world leaders, who contrast their former scornful attitude toward the Jews with their new realization of Israel's grandeur. We break down Isa 28 and 53. This beautiful passage in Isaiah chapter 53 is beloved by all who have trusted Christ for salvation. It's commonly maintained that Isaiah 53 was never considered messianic by rabbis and Jewish sages. He is represented as one stricken with loathsome and disfiguring disease, probably leprosy (see on Isaiah 53:4 ), so that men instinctively recoiled from him in horror and disgust. What does Isaiah say about the Messiah? Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is a song of hope to the people of Judah exiled in Babylon, assuring them that God has not abandoned them. While it is true that Isaiah 53:5 is talking about transgressions and iniquities, peace and physical healing can be by products of saving grace. Isaiah's calling as a prophet was primarily to the nation of Judah (the southern kingdom) and to Jerusalem, urging the people to repent from their sins and return to God. He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. The total length of the recording is 34 minutes and 36 seconds. Isaiah 53:4-6 The Godly Leader Endures through Hardships ... He would serve as a priest to the nations of the world and apply the blood of atonement to cleanse those who believe. Background on Isaiah 53. Upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace. All of us like sheep have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; but the LORD has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him" (Isaiah 53:4-6). The fact is that Isaiah 53 (more precisely, 52:13 to 53:12) has been interpreted in messianic terms by a wide variety of Jewish commentators over a long period of time. This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Isaiah and is one of the Nevi'im. 9. Behold My servant shall prosper Behold, at the end of days, My servant, Jacob, [i.e.,] the righteous among him, shall prosper…. In some translations Isa 53:10a is phrased as "it pleased the Lord to bruise him" In this verse we see God the father's heart. I believe that this shows beyond a doubt that Isaiah 53:4 does not contain words of physical healing as part of the blood atonement. Bu. Tanakh is a book of Judaism. This long section of Isaiah is so clear in its description of the suffering Messiah that it has caused enormous problems for teachers of Judaism. Here Messianic vision reaches its pinnacle. Even Maimonides opposed it. Jesus is said to fulfill this prophecy through his death on the cross. It speaks of one known as the "suffering servant," who suffers because of the sins of others. The prophecy of Isaiah 52:13—53:12 is the heart of the second part of the book of Isaiah. So for an impartial and a neutral person, Tanakh is still a book of Judaism. This apparent contradiction is solved in the Person of Jesus Christ. ANSWER: Isaiah 53 refers to Jesus Christ because that's the only meaning the most ancient Jewish scholars saw in the passage. It has been encoded from cassette tape. Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is a majestic passage that predicts the life, death, and resurrection of Christ. (Click to see a Isaiah 53 weekly schedule.) Isaiah 53:5 Isaiah 53 is probably the most famous example claimed by Christians to be a messianic prophecy fulfilled by Jesus. Isaiah lived and prophesied about 700 BCE. In Isaiah 53, when the author describes the servantʼs past sufferings, he is talking about the sufferings they have experienced by being destroyed by the Babylonians. Isaiah 53:4-6 is used to show how 'The Godly Leader Endures through Hardships.' Isaiah 53:4-6 is used to show ' The Purpose of Christ's Suffering' which enables us to understand why Christ or we need to suffer. The language of Isaiah 53 speaks of an individual person, not a nation (cf. There is a 10 second silence at about 3 minutes and 30 seconds into the recording to represent the break . Jesus is said to fulfill this prophecy through his death on the cross. The talk is available here as either an MP3 or an Ogg Vorbis file. But Christ came to restore all things (John 1:12). It is through His wounds that healing is achieved. Indeed, some Bible scholars say there are over 300 Old Testament prophecies that point to Jesus of Nazareth as the Savior of the world. By His knowledge My righteous Servant This means that Isaiah 53 is not talking about a man who died 'for our sins,' but rather it is about a man who died 'BECAUSE of our sins,' or 'AS A RESULT of our sins.' In other words, they died because we sinned against them by murdering them. A clear reading of Isaiah 53:1-4 will show that verses 1-4a speak of Christ's walk on the earth and then, with the word "Yet" in 4b, the emphasis turns towards His suffering, His death and His glorious kingdom. " Quite clearly, the nations and their kings will be amazed at what happens to the "servant of the L-rd," and they will say "who would believe what we have heard?". Each of these stanzas are represented separately in its own web page. Isaiah pictured the Lord in heaven with a sword reaching down to earth (v. 5). But He was pierced through for our transgressions, He was crushed for our iniquities; the chastening for our well-being fell upon Him, and by His scourging we are healed. Isaiah 53 must be understood as referring to the coming Davidic King, the Messiah. Says Loftus: "Isaiah 49:1-3 helps provide the context for Isaiah 42-53. The story of the Saviors' selfless love and His mediated sacrifice is the core of Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12. It can never take away the sin that stains man's soul and separates fallen humanity from a holy God. Get your scriptures and your notepad, because you want to be able to fact check this. 53:2-4; compare "he" of verse 2 to "my people" of verse 8). He also foretold the coming of the Messiah and the salvation of the Lord. Video Explanation of Isaiah 53:5 by Chris DeRoco. This is the same gentle teasing, almost playful Jesus that we have seen throughout the Gospel record. Isaiah 53 is a book of Tanakh. Jewish sages preceding the medieval scholar, Rashi, all believed this passage to be a description of the Messiah, so when Rashi controversially first suggested that Isaiah 53 was about Israel some time around 1050 CE, the Jewish community did not receive his new interpretation positively. The Holy Spirit affirmed that Isaiah was talking about the Messiah (Acts 8:32-35). For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant Which springs out of the earth without notice; low in its beginning, slow in its growth, liable to be crushed with the foot, or destroyed with the frost, and no great probability of its coming to any perfection; or rather as a little "sucker", as the word F2 signifies, which grows out of the root of a tree, at some little distance . The most crucial passage in the whole book of Isaiah is 52:13-53:12. The Torah does not say that a man, or a god could or would be a sacrifice of any kind. The passage he was reading when Philip ran up to his chariot and greeted him, was . Incredibly, he comes back to life and is exalted above all rulers (53:11-12; 52:15). The book of Isaiah provides us with the most comprehensive prophetic picture of Jesus Christ in the entire Old Testament. Isaiah chapter 53 vividly describes the Messiah suffering for sin. This is a suffering that has come about because of sins. The Prophecies Jesus Fulfilled in Isaiah 53. He was the queen's treasurer and had been to worship in Jerusalem. This is ABSOLUTELY clear if the reader would simply bother to read the whole narrative from about chapter 51 through 54 or so. Prophecy - He would suffer and be treated with contempt. When You make His soul an offering for sin, He shall see His seed, He shall prolong His days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand. And so that we might see the relationship with 53, we will begin our study of chapter 53 with verse Isaiah 52:13 of 52. Like one from whom people hide their faces. The prophecy technically starts at the tail end of Isaiah 52 but takes up the whole of Isaiah 53. Isaiah 53:7 (NASB) Picture courtesy of Plusping Verse Thoughts When Adam sinned it was an innocent animal that God slew to cover their nakedness, but the blood of bulls and sheep can only cover sin. 2610. —Isaiah 53:7-8. 5:20-21 "Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Let's zero in on the fourth song contained in Isaiah 52-53. He is put to death after being condemned (53:7-9). There is a purpose to suffering. It is a wonderful truth that confounds our understanding and belies the credibility of man.. that God in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ should come to earth and die on the cross to pay the price for our sins. Not only did the Servant fail to attract his contemporaries (Isaiah 53:2); there was that in his appearance which excited positive aversion. It is Israel, Godʼs people. In fact, it can be irrefutably proven that Isaiah 53 is NOT talking about "the atoning blood of Yeshua". Finally, Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12 demonstrates that the servant's suffering leads to his death. [1] Whereas Isaiah 53 reveals how this redemption will be achieved, the prophet wants to announce the identity of Messiah. It includes the full scope of His life: the announcement of His coming ( Isaiah 40:3-5 ), His virgin birth (7:14), His proclamation of the good news (61:1), His sacrificial death (52:13-53:12), and His return to claim . Jesus often linked salvation and healing together. It's also the fourth time Isaiah speaks of a servant (see Isaiah 42, 49, and 50). As a consequence of sin, man lost his purity, ability to love and obey, and even his life (Romans 6:23). You know we had fun so yes this will be a two-part series. Isaiah 53:7-9 is the last of these three sections. See, also, Micah 7:12-17, which speaks of the nations . The Servant accepts vicarious and substitutionary suffering on behalf of his people (53:4-6, 12). Sunday Morning talk given by Tim Coad on 23 October 2011. #D. Attitude of Christ's Suffering (Isaiah 53:7-9) Christ's witness at His death. a) The text in Isaiah 52:15 specifically says the goyim (gentile) kings will shut קָפַץ (ka-fats) their mouths because of this servant. King Messiah was prophesied to suffer and die to pay for our sins and then rise again. We talk about what the chapter is really saying and remove every day religion from the content. He is put to death after being condemned (53:7-9). However, the simple meaning of the verses, is clearly a reference to Israel. The word ARM in Isaiah 53:1 is Strong's #2220 and it comes from primitive root #2232. As noted the chapter breaks are not inspired and this is clearly a poor chapter break. #2220 means the arm as stretched out, force, help, mighty, power, shoulder, strength. Isaiah 53 talks about the nation 'Israel' - that is, the corporate people of Israel (i.e., what today we would call 'the Jews'). Isaiah 53:5 Isaiah 53 is probably the most famous example claimed by Christians to be a messianic prophecy fulfilled by Jesus. Thirdly, the suffering servant of Isaiah 53 is willing to suffer. Thus the healing we have before God. He experiences suffering and affliction (53:3). Many of his prophesies predicted events that occurred in Isaiah's near future, yet at the same time they foretold the events of the distant future . Fulfilment - Jesus grew up as a carpenter in an ordinary household. Again, upon closer look, this is not possible for several reasons. Suffering servant of the Lord Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is the first reading for Good Friday in Year B from the Revised Common Lectionary. Although Christianity , a religion founded very late ,claims that Tanakh is her book, but Judaism does not cease to declare its claim. In his Commentary on Isa 53, Gutnic Edition Chamash, Vol. Judaism's denial of Isaiah 53 as prophetic of Jesus goes back to the very nature of that religion. What we have is a classic case of what Isaiah was dealing with in his day among those who were under God ' s rulership and protection Isa. Isaiah 53:7. 2. It is quite common today to hear rabbis say that this passage speaks not of Messiah, but of Israel suffering in a Gentile world. Isaiah, who authors the book . This is specifically on Isaiah 52:13, and possibly Isaiah 53:6. For almost two millennia, Jewish and Christian scholars have debated the question whether the prophet was speaking of himself or of Israel who suffers innocently for the nations of the world. In this section when mention is made of Isaiah 53, the reader should understand that this includes Isaiah 52:13-15 as these passages compose an integral part of this fourth "Servant Song" in Isaiah. And who shall declare his generation - "And his manner of life who would declare"] A learned friend has communicated to me the following passages from the Mishna, and the Gemara of Babylon, as leading to a satisfactory explication of this difficult place. #2232 is the primitive root and it sounds like this: zaw-rah' (the 'a' here is like the 'a' in 'at'); It means to sow; to disseminate (publicize, announce . It has been said the gentile nations are speaking about Israel's suffering in Isaiah 53. 11He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. ISAIAH 53:10-12 10Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise Him; He has put Him to grief. He was oppressed — By the intolerable weight of his sufferings, and he was afflicted — By the most pungent pain and sorrow. Even Targum Yonatan agrees, in Isaiah 52:14-15. I know that Isaiah 53 is talking about Israel now and not Yahshua like I used to think, so can you help me! In the Bible, in the book of Isaiah, chapter 53 the prophet prophesies about the Messiah that he would be rejected by his people suffer and die in agony and that God would see his suffering and death as an atonement for the sins of humanity. The Hebrew word translated healed is rapha and is part of one of God's names, Jehovah Rapha, (I am the Lord who heals you, Exodus 15:26) It means to heal or make healthful. The specific section he was reading was verses 7-8 of Isaiah 53. Contents He may be back in a different body which appears and disappears and walks through walls, but he can be recognized, and he acts just as he did when in his unresurrected body! He experiences suffering and affliction (53:3). Edom Is An Example Of The Slaughtered Nations, 34:5-7. There is One alone to whom this can refer, Jesus Christ! It is through His suffering that our iniquities are taken away. This prophecy actually begins in the latter part of Isaiah 52 (verses 13-15), which serves as a summary of . Isaiah 53 Compassion Initiative Talk 1 October 21, 2017 Big idea: The God of Compassion is our only Saviour Introduction 'Kelly Arnett Somerville says her mother had the epitome of a bad death — drowning in her own blood in a hospital bed in front of her children. Here Messianic vision reaches its pinnacle. It is not only a narrative story, but also a collection of oracles, prophecies and parables. In Isaiah 53:5 we're told that by His stripes (NIV wounds) we are healed. Verse Isaiah 53:8. You know someone's heart when you know their deepest desires and what pleases them. On the day that Christians around the world remember Jesus' … Continue reading "Commentary on Isaiah 52:13—53:12" This is made possible by the fact that He had bourn our sins on the tree He was nailed to, and died for them. but we can look at this phrase in context and it's clear that Isaiah was talking about the wound of sin being healed of sin. His correspondence list is quite long so it could be even a month. While the Suffering Servant passage is commonly associated with Isaiah 53, it begins at the end of Isaiah 52. Isaiah 53 Explained Isaiah 53 is the fifty-third chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. He was despised as one from whom men hide their face; and we didn't respect him. In a debate with apologist David Marshall, atheist John Loftus argued that the passage is unequivocally not about Jesus. This book contains the prophecies spoken by the prophet Isaiah, and is a part of the Book of the Prophets. It is the greatest "good tidings" (Isaiah 52:7), of all times. Surely he has borne our sickness and carried our suffering; yet we considered him plagued, struck by God, and afflicted. Rashi comments on this section of scripture, as Israel being the "Suffering Servant" . 3, p. 111, he says "… The Messiah is the tsara h sufferer for us …" In Part II of the suffering servant in Isaiah 53, we will continue to study this controversial topic, wherein we learn his name hidden in the text of Isaiah. Chapters 40 through 55 are known as "Deutero-Isaiah" and date from the time of the Israelites ' exile in Babylon . Some believe the individual to be Hezekiah, who, according to Isaiah 38:5, lived another 15 years (i.e., "prolonging his days") after praying to God while ill (i.e., "acquainted with grief"). And they should have started chapter 53 with verse Isaiah 52:13, because the last three verses here definitely fit in with Isaiah 53:1-23.53.12. When Philip was sent by God to talk with the Ethiopian eunuch in the desert south of Jerusalem, the man was reading a passage from Isaiah that he asked Philip to explain to him (Acts 8:26-35). Let's zero in on the fourth song contained in Isaiah 52-53. Not only did the Servant fail to attract his contemporaries (Isaiah 53:2); there was that in his appearance which excited positive aversion. In fact, Isaiah is one of the most important books in the Old Testament. What does Isaiah say about Jesus? In His first advent, Jesus was the suffering servant of Isaiah chapter 53. ISAIAH IS TALKING ABOUT ISAIAH: AN EXPOSITION OF THE WAY DEUTERO-ISAIAH DISCUSSES THE PERSON ISAIAH Caswell Johnstone Box 4844 Professor Melody Archibald Diemert OT 352 - Major Prophets A paper presented in partial completion of the requirements for the degree: Bachelor of Theology Prairie Bible College September 30, 2014 Isaiah 53 has long been used by the Church to describe Christ and His . The fancy seminary term for this is substitutionary atonement. The prophecy of Isaiah 52:13—53:12 is the heart of the second part of the book of Isaiah. We might as well go back to verse one again, we just closed the last program with it, but in Isaiah 53 verse 1, now remember this is the great chapter foretelling Christ's death and suffering and yet Israel never comprehended it before nor were they expected to . Continue here. Shalom once again, Joseph V Shalom Yoseif, Dr. Belk will answer your E-Mail, G-d willing, but it will not be immediately. Clarke's Commentary. All we like sheep have gone astray Here the prophet represents all the elect of God, whether Jews or Gentiles; whom he compares to "sheep", not for their good qualities, but for their foolishness and stupidity; and particularly for their being subject to go astray from the shepherd, and the fold, and from their good pastures, and who never return of themselves, until they are . It is said that the chapter talks about Yeshua Hamoschaich (Jesus), or does it? It is said in the former, that before any one was punished for a capital crime, proclamation was . "He was oppressed and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; he was led as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth." (Isaiah 53:7) In the entire history of their nation, the Jews have never suffered willingly. The clearest interpretation of Isaiah 53 is that the Lord gave His life so that we could be . Isaiah 53. But as I said above, Isaiah 53 doesn't talk at all about any form of resurrection of the person who is going to die for people's sins, nor any Verse in the entire Old Testament either. Lucid and in pain, The Holy Spirit commanded Philip to meet a man from Ethiopia. Let's break the prophetic verses down and show how Jesus' life matched these: Isaiah 53:2 talks about how this suffering servant had no beauty or majesty to attract others to him. Incredibly, he comes back to life and is exalted above all rulers (53:11-12; 52:15). Written by Abdullah Smith [Part I] [] []Christians ignore the historical background of Isaiah 53 to claim that Jesus' death and resurrection was prophesied, yet Ezekiel and Jeremiah link Isaiah 53 to Israel, the Prophetic books of Hosea and Nahum also link Isaiah 53 to Israel using descriptive parallels. Or, as the Hebrew נגשׁ הוא נענה, is rendered by Bishop Lowth and others, It was exacted, and he answered, or, was made answerable. Isaiah speaks of heavenly bodies (v. 4), as do some of the most calamitous OT prophecies against nations, but also as do the Lord's prophecies about the end times, especially those in Revelation. He crushed His Son, not merely as a symbolic gesture, but it was God's heart to put the full weight of sin upon His Son. Isaiah 53 is the fifty-third chapter of the Book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. I.G.1.B. (Isaiah 46:10) But not everyone is a fan of the argument from Messianic prophecy. Third, Isaiah 50:4-9 shows that the servant suffers short of death, but does not give the reasons for his suffering. The Apostle Peter quotes Isaiah 53:5 in the context of our dying to sins and living for righteousness. This passage is part of a larger whole. The Immediate context. Isaiah 53:3. God's justice required satisfaction from us for our sins, which, alas! This is the purpose in the next verse, " The L-RD has made bare His holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our G-d. Isaiah 52:13-53:12 makes up the fourth of the "Servant Songs" of the Book of Isaiah, describing a "servant" of God. Have Isaiah 53 mentioned that he will resurrect after 3 days to Heaven, then the issue would be resolved. The Servant accepts vicarious and substitutionary suffering on behalf of his people (53:4-6, 12). The Talmud and Medrashim are replete with allusions and references to the Messianic themes that are hinted to in these verses. Isaiah 52:13-53:12 constitutes what is considered the fourth Servant song. Let's find out. . Isaiah 53:2. Verses four through 12 place a particular emphasis on Christ's sacrifice and what he accomplished for us. They unfailingly understood its reference to the person of God's Anointed, who suffered on behalf of God's people and, through suffering, exalted himself and them. Isaiah 53:6. isaiah 51 - 53 Once again we're going to get right back into Isaiah chapter 53. It speaks of one known as the "suffering servant," who suffers because of the sins of others. The book of Second Isaiah itself indicates who the Servant of the Lord is. For almost two millennia, Jewish and Christian scholars have debated the question whether the prophet was speaking of himself or of Israel who suffers innocently for the nations of the world. Navah The others are Isaiah 42:1-9, Isaiah 49:1-13, and Isaiah 50:4-9.Also, some consider Isaiah 61:1-3 a fifth Servant song, though the word "servant" is not used there.. All of these songs speak of a Servant called by God to lead the nations. 52:15 tells us explicitly that it is the nations of the world, the gentiles, who are doing the talking in Isaiah 53. He was crushed for our iniquities. " See, my servant will act wisely; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted. Objection 1: The Servant in Isaiah 52:13-53:1-12 is the nation of Israel, not the Messiah! There is no clear referent within Isaiah itself as to the identity of this Servant. The victim in Isaiah 53 is innocent (v. 9); the book of Isaiah as a whole shows Israel being guilty. He is represented as one stricken with loathsome and disfiguring disease, probably leprosy (see on Isaiah 53:4 ), so that men instinctively recoiled from him in horror and disgust. It just says, "But he was wounded for our transgressions. vwRXP, keKb, Ngkk, cqFeEiw, imyHn, OmeKj, wIE, oOIraM, PvSnKd, FTbon, UDT,
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